Architecture in each country differs. It is often influenced by the period people settled in an area, religion, the natural materials available, the country’s economy and the climate.Australian architecture is influenced by many of these factors. Also, many Australians have emigrated from other countries and architectural inspiration comes from across the globe.
Although the design of some modern housing takes into consideration climate and the surrounding environment, architecture in Australia is historically inspired by other cultures.During the nineteenth century, buildings were designed in a Gothic or Tudor style familiar to English people. From the 1930s onwards, architectural ideas came from America. Similarly, as people from across Europe moved to Australia, the architecture developed a greater diversity reflecting the incoming cultures.
Architecturally Famous Buildings in Australia
Australia is home to some of the most iconic buildings in the world. Architecturally significant buildings include the Sydney Opera House, Parliament House in Canberra, Federation Square in Melbourne, Sydney Harbour Bridge and the Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne. Each of these is noted for its outstanding architecture and engineering.
To cater for the increasing population in its cities, Australia was in need of skyscrapers. Height restriction on buildings until the 1950s limited Australian architects in their designs.Sydney is now well-known for its skyscraper filled skyline. However, across Australia green bans are in place to protect the heritage of buildings of cultural significance.
Architecture in Australia Today
Whereas Australian architecture was once influenced by architecture from other countries, the reverse is now true. Contemporary Australian architecture is based on the values and culture of Australia.
While architecture in Queensland focuses on outdoor living and the introduction of light into buildings, designs in Sydney are minimalist. The unique and innovative designs from around the country are influencing others across the globe.
Beeston by Shaun Lockyer Architects
Balmain Houses by Benn & Penna Architects
Box House by Zouk Architects
Bronte House by Rolf Ockert Design
Brunswick House by Christopher Botterill
Castlecrag Residence by CplusC Architectural Workshop
Cosgriff House by Christopher Polly Architect
Cowshed House by Carter Williamson Architects
Delany House by Jorge Hrdina Architects
G House by Fleming + Hernandez Architects
Hewlett Street House by MPR Design Group
Kew House by Nic Owen Architects
La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science by Lyons
Maylands Additions by Jonathan Lake Architects
Moor Street Residence by Andrew Maynard Architects
North Fitzroy House by AM Architecture
Northbridge House II by Roth Architects
Prahran Hotel by Techne Architects
Suburban Beach House by David Barr + Ross Brewin
Tennyson Point Residence by CplusC Architectural Workshop
The Good House by Crone Partners
The Maze Apartments by CHT Architects
The Mullet by March Studio